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Mumbai Doctor Reveals Myths, Concerns Surrounding Cataract Surgery

Dr. Sujatha T S, a distinguished Consultant Ophthalmologist at Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital, Kalyan, brings clarity to these issues by addressing common myths and concerns surrounding cataract surgery.

Mumbai Doctor Reveals Myths, Concerns Surrounding Cataract Surgery
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Cataracts, characterised by the clouding of the eye's natural lens, affect millions worldwide, posing significant challenges to vision and daily functioning. Despite its prevalence, misinformation and apprehensions often shroud discussions surrounding cataracts and their surgical treatment. Dr. Sujatha T S, a distinguished Consultant Ophthalmologist at Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital, Kalyan, brings clarity to these issues by addressing common myths and concerns surrounding cataract surgery.

Myths:

1. Only the elderly are affected with cataracts - Anyone of any age group can get a cataract. Some people are born with cataracts. Even those below the age of 40 are at risk.

2. No pain, No cataract - Cataracts can have varied symptoms. Most commonly, people present with blurred vision, which is usually progressive over months, photophobia, double vision, and frequent changes in glasses. Very rarely, pain occurs when the cataract matures and bursts inside, causing a complication called phacolytic glaucoma.

3. Eye drops can cure cataracts - There are eye drops being sold as a cure for cataracts, but there is no good evidence from clinical studies that any drops can cure cataracts to date. The only proven treatment for cataracts is surgical removal.

4. Cataracts recur after surgery - Once successful cataract surgery is done with the implantation of an artificial lens, the cataract cannot grow back as it has already been removed.

5. One must wait for surgery until the cataract ripens- Cataract surgery is far safer nowadays and can be performed safely on patients experiencing symptoms, regardless of their severity. Waiting for cataracts to ripen before undergoing surgery is no longer a common practice, as it may make the surgical procedure more challenging.

Concerns:

1. How long does recovery take post cataract surgery?

- With the latest technology and advanced laser surgical techniques, cataract surgery recovery has been dramatically reduced. It is a day-care procedure, with no admission to the hospital, no bed rest; patients can resume their daily routine from the very next day.

2. Does Cataract surgery affect the vision?

- Cataract surgery improves vision; patients start seeing clearer and better than before the surgery.

3. Is Postoperative Care critical?

- Post-operative care is critical, and patients must properly instill eye medications and maintain good hygiene as per the ophthalmologist's advice to avoid infections.

4. What are the risks of Cataract surgery?

- Like any other surgery, cataract surgery carries the risk of complications, occasionally very rare, such as eye infection, bleeding, swelling in front of the eye, swelling of the retina, blurring of vision in rare cases, halos, and glare. However, the benefits of cataract surgery outweigh the risks.

5. How long does a patient need to avoid screen time post surgery?

- Patients can resume short screen time like watching television in 2-3 days and slowly resume their computer work within a week.

6. Is there a need for glasses post surgery?

- The necessity for glasses post-cataract surgery depends on the type of artificial lens the patient chooses to replace their cataract with. Monofocal lenses are designed for specific distances, which may necessitate the use of glasses for near work. On the other hand, multifocal lenses offer improved vision for both distance and near tasks, potentially eliminating the need for glasses altogether. However, it's important to note that not all patients are suitable candidates for multifocal lenses

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